Beagle Board - beagleboard.org
saraJbarker
Published © MIT

PocketBeagle Medication Dispenser

Never wonder whether you've taken your pills again - just put your hand under this medication dispenser to receive your daily dose!

IntermediateFull instructions provided7
PocketBeagle Medication Dispenser

Things used in this project

Hardware components

1/8in. plywood, 24x32in. sheet
×1
1/2in. diameter dowel, 6in. length
×2
24in. of ratchet strap material
Example: https://www.amazon.com/Houseables-Nylon-Strapping-Webbing-Resistant/dp/B01HHLDYJI/ref=sr_1_14?keywords=nylon+strapping&qid=1649180198&sr=8-14
×1
Roll of velcro
Will only need 4 or 5 inches total Example: https://www.amazon.com/VELCRO-Brand-ONE_WRAP-Double-Gripping/dp/B00O2A3P88/ref=sr_1_6?keywords=velcro%2Broll&qid=1649180295&sr=8-6&th=1
×1
rubber band
×1
double sided tape
×1
#2 screw, 3/4in.
×4
#1 screw, 3/4in.
×4
Connector Accessory, Hex Nut
Connector Accessory, Hex Nut
4 size #1 (1/16in.) and 4 size #2 (5/64")
×8
RGB Backlight LCD - 16x2
Adafruit RGB Backlight LCD - 16x2
×1
Jumper wires (generic)
Jumper wires (generic)
×1
SparkFun Infrared detector
×1
SparkFun Infrared emitter
×1
Continuous rolling servo motor (SER0035)
×1
Rotary potentiometer (generic)
Rotary potentiometer (generic)
×1
PocketBeagle
BeagleBoard.org PocketBeagle
×1
Micro-USB to USB Cable (Generic)
Micro-USB to USB Cable (Generic)
×1
Capacitor 1000 µF
Capacitor 1000 µF
×1
Through Hole Resistor, 68 kohm
Through Hole Resistor, 68 kohm
×2
Through Hole Resistor, 270 ohm
Through Hole Resistor, 270 ohm
×1
5V wall outlet to alligator clip adapter
Example: https://teachergeek.com/products/project-motor-power-supply
×1

Software apps and online services

Adobe Illustrator
Makercase

Hand tools and fabrication machines

Hot glue gun (generic)
Hot glue gun (generic)
Laser cutter (generic)
Laser cutter (generic)
3D Printer (generic)
3D Printer (generic)
fabric cutter
small screwdriver
Drill / Driver, Cordless
Drill / Driver, Cordless
1/8in. drill bit

Story

Read more

Custom parts and enclosures

Laser cutter box file

Adobe Illustrator file for wooden box

box.SLDPRT

Solidworks file for pill boxes

box.STL

STL file for pill box (used for 3D printing)

Schematics

Fritzing diagram

Code

Main code

Python
This is the code to run this project. There is only one file to run.
"""
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Medication Dispenser
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
License:   
Copyright 2022 Sara Barker

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without 
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this 
list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, 
this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation 
and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

3. Neither the name of the copyright holder nor the names of its contributors 
may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without 
specific prior written permission.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" 
AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE 
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE 
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE 
FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL 
DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR 
SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER 
CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, 
OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE 
OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

The display code borrows from code written by Angelica Torres.
(https://github.com/alt7rice/ENGI301/blob/main/project_01/rgb_lcd/rgb_lcd_test.py)
Their licensing information is: 
  - SPDX-FileCopyrightText: Copyright 2021 Angelica Torres
  - SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
  
The IR code borrows from code written by Adafruit.
(https://learn.adafruit.com/ir-breakbeam-sensors/circuitpython)


--------------------------------------------------------------------------

This program operates a conveyor belt, driven by a servo motor, that drops medication into
a user's hand when they place their hand under the dispensing area and block an IR beam.

Requirements:
  - If the dispenser has not been used today, and a hand blocks the IR beam, move the conveyor
    belt forward to dispense the pills in the next full pillbox.
  - If the IR beam is blocked and pills have already been taken for the day (*in this code, 10s.), do nothing with the motor, 
  -     and display a message stating that it is too soon to take more pills.
  - Display message every 7 days (*in this code, 1 minute) to remind users to refill pills.

Uses:
  - time
  - Adafruit BBIO
  - board
  - digitalio
  - Adafruit character lcd

"""
import time
import Adafruit_BBIO.PWM as PWM
import Adafruit_BBIO.ADC as ADC


#needed for display
import board
import digitalio
import adafruit_character_lcd.character_lcd as charlcd


# ------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Constants
# ------------------------------------------------------------------------

#constants for servo
SG90_FREQ   = 333                  # 20ms period (50Hz)
SG90_POL    = 0                   # Rising Edge polarity
SG90_OFF    = 50                   # 0ms pulse -- Servo is inactive
SG90_RIGHT  = 15                   # 1ms pulse (15% duty cycle)  -- All the way right
SG90_LEFT   = 80                 # 2ms pulse (80% duty cycle) -- All the way Left


# ------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Functions / Classes
# ------------------------------------------------------------------------

class Servo():
    servo      = None
    
    def __init__(self, servo="P1_36"):
        """ Initialize variables and set up display """
        self.servo      = servo
        
        self._setup()
    
    # End def
    
    
    def _setup(self):
        """Setup the hardware components."""
        # Initialize Servo; Servo should be "off"
        PWM.start(self.servo, SG90_OFF, SG90_FREQ, SG90_POL)

    # End def


    def moveBack(self):
        #move servo counterclockwise to move conveyor belt back
        PWM.set_duty_cycle(self.servo, SG90_LEFT)
        time.sleep(0.5)

    # End def


    def moveFwd(self):
        #move servo clockwise to advance conveyor belt to next day
        PWM.set_duty_cycle(self.servo, SG90_RIGHT)
        time.sleep(0.5)
        

    # End def
    
    def zero(self):
        #make servo stop
        PWM.set_duty_cycle(self.servo, SG90_OFF)
    # End def

    def cleanup(self):
        """Cleanup the hardware components."""
        
        # Stop servo
        PWM.set_duty_cycle(self.servo, SG90_OFF)
        
    # End def
    
    def dispense(self, lastDispenseTime):
        #if current time is more than 10 seconds past the last time medication was dispensed, move the servo forward
        if ((time.time() - lastDispenseTime) > 10):
            self.moveFwd()
            self.zero()
            return True
        else:
            display.write("You already took\ntoday's dose.")
            time.sleep(5)
            display.blank()
            return False
            
    def refill(self):
        #moves the motor backward until it reaches the starting position again
        self.moveBack()
        time.sleep(4)
        self.zero()
        

# End class

class Display():
    lcd     = None
    rows    = None
    columns = None
    
    
    def __init__(self, rs=board.P1_2, en=board.P1_4, d7=board.P2_24, d6=board.P2_22, d5=board.P2_20, d4=board.P2_18):
        self.rows    = 2
        self.columns = 16
        
        lcd_rs = digitalio.DigitalInOut(rs)
        lcd_en = digitalio.DigitalInOut(en)
        lcd_d7 = digitalio.DigitalInOut(d7)
        lcd_d6 = digitalio.DigitalInOut(d6)
        lcd_d5 = digitalio.DigitalInOut(d5)
        lcd_d4 = digitalio.DigitalInOut(d4)
        
        self.lcd = charlcd.Character_LCD_Mono(
            lcd_rs, lcd_en, lcd_d4, lcd_d5, lcd_d6, lcd_d7, self.columns, self.rows
        )
        
        self._setup()
    #end def
    
    def _setup(self):
        self.blank()
    #end def
    
    def blank(self):
        #clear the screen
        self.lcd.message = "                \n                "
        time.sleep(0.5)
    # End def
        
    def write(self, message):
        self.lcd.message = message
        time.sleep(0.5)
    #end def
    
    
#End class

class IR():
    analog_in = None
    
    def __init__(self, analog_in = "AIN5"):
        self.analog_in = analog_in
        self._setup()
        
        
    def _setup(self):
        ADC.setup()
        
    def getValue(self):
        value = ADC.read_raw(self.analog_in)
        return value
        
    
    
#end class

    


# ------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Main script
# ------------------------------------------------------------------------

if __name__ == '__main__':
    #use the time at bootup as the start time (used as a reference time)
    startTime = time.time()
    
    #initialize time at boot as last dispense time
    lastDispenseTime = time.time() 
    dayCounter = 0
    
    #instantiate instances of classes
    IRvalue = IR()
    servo = Servo()
    display = Display()
    
    display.blank()
    
    while(1):
         #<400 means beam is blocked
        if (IRvalue.getValue() < 300):
            #check if last dispense time is more than 10 seconds past the current time
                #if yes, dispense pills
            if (servo.dispense(lastDispenseTime)):
                servo.moveFwd()
                servo.zero()
                #store the current time as the last dispense time
                lastDispenseTime = time.time()
                dayCounter = dayCounter+1
                print(dayCounter)
            
            #warn user if it's been too long between doses
            #set to 60s for purposes of testing
        if ((time.time()-lastDispenseTime) > 60):
            startTime = time.time()
            display.write("You need to take\nyour pills soon")
        #if all the pills are dispensed (i.e. boxes 0-6 are empty), reset the belt
        if (dayCounter == 6):
                display.blank()
                display.write("Time to refill!")
                time.sleep(5)
                display.blank()
                dayCounter = 0
                servo.refill()
            #check for the IR value every 0.1s
        time.sleep(0.1)
            

Repository for project_1

Project_1 contains the code for this project. Read the Readme for implementation.

Credits

saraJbarker

saraJbarker

1 project • 0 followers

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