Beagle Board - beagleboard.org
Mala Dies
Published

RE: Fractal Imagery From a Python Script on a BBBW

Did you ever want to view a nice visual of a fractal image on an embedded computer with the correct source?

IntermediateProtip1 hour198
RE: Fractal Imagery From a Python Script on a BBBW

Things used in this project

Hardware components

BeagleBone Black Wireless
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Black Wireless
×1

Software apps and online services

Python3
BeagleBoard.org Debian Image

Story

Read more

Schematics

RE: BBBW GitHub Repo.

Code

Hello

Python
This is the source to run to call your other libraries for producing a fractal image.
# viewer1.py

from mandel1a import mandel
from viewer import Viewer
import time

import sys
if sys.version_info < (3,):
    import Tkinter as tk
    range = xrange
else:
    import tkinter as tk

class FancyViewer(Viewer):
    '''Application to display fractals'''

    def draw_pixel(self, x, y):
        '''Simulates drawing a given pixel in black by drawing a black line
           of length equal to one pixel.'''
        self.canvas.create_line(x, y, x+1, y, fill="black") # can be changed

    def draw_fractal(self):
        '''draws a fractal on the canvas'''
        self.calculating = True
        begin = time.time()
        # clear the canvas
        self.canvas.create_rectangle(0, 0, self.canvas_width,
                                    self.canvas_height, fill="white") # can be                                                                       changed
        for x in range(0, self.canvas_width):
            real = self.min_x + x*self.pixel_size
            for y in range(0, self.canvas_height):
                imag = self.min_y + y*self.pixel_size
                c = complex(real, imag)
                if mandel(c, self.nb_iterations):
                    self.draw_pixel(x, self.canvas_height - y)
        self.status.config(text="Time required = %.2f s  [%s iterations]  %s" %(
                                (time.time() - begin), self.nb_iterations,
                                                                self.zoom_info))
        self.status2.config(text=self.info())
        self.status2.update_idletasks()
        self.calculating = False

if __name__ == "__main__":
    root = tk.Tk()
    app = FancyViewer(root)
    root.mainloop()

HelloI

Python
# mandel1a.py

def mandel(c, max_iterations=20):
    '''determines if a point is in the Mandelbrot set based on deciding if,
       after a maximum allowed number of iterations, the absolute value of
       the resulting number is greater or equal to 2.'''
    z = 0
    for iter in range(0, max_iterations):
        z = z**2 + c
        if abs(z) >= 2:
            return False
    return abs(z) < 2

HelloII

Python
''' viewer.py

Base class viewer for fractals.'''

import sys
if sys.version_info < (3,):
    import Tkinter as tk
    import tkSimpleDialog as tk_dialog
else:
    import tkinter as tk
    from tkinter import simpledialog as tk_dialog

class Viewer(object):
    '''Base class viewer to display fractals'''

    def __init__(self, parent, width=600, height=480,
                 min_x=-2.5, min_y=-1.5, max_x=1.):

        self.parent = parent
        self.canvas_width = width
        self.canvas_height = height

        # The following are drawing boundaries in the complex plane
        self.min_x = min_x
        self.min_y = min_y
        self.max_x = max_x
        self.calculate_pixel_size()
        self.max_y = self.min_y + self.canvas_height*self.pixel_size

        self.calculating = False
        self.nb_iterations = 20
        self.normal_zoom(None)

        self.canvas = tk.Canvas(parent, width=width, height=height)
        self.canvas.pack()
        self.status = tk.Label(self.parent, text="", bd=1, relief=tk.SUNKEN,
                               anchor=tk.W)
        self.status.pack(side=tk.BOTTOM, fill=tk.X)
        self.status2 = tk.Label(self.parent, text=self.info(), bd=1,
                                relief=tk.SUNKEN, anchor=tk.W)
        self.status2.pack(side=tk.BOTTOM, fill=tk.X)

        # We change the size of the image using the keyboard.
        self.parent.bind("+", self.zoom_in)
        self.parent.bind("-", self.zoom_out)
        self.parent.bind("n", self.normal_zoom)
        self.parent.bind("b", self.bigger_zoom)

        # Set the maximum number of iterations via a keyboard-triggered event
        self.parent.bind("i", self.set_max_iter)

        # We move the canvas using the mouse.
        self.translation_line = None
        self.parent.bind("button-1 ", self.mouse_down) # edited
        self.parent.bind("button1-motion ", self.mouse_motion) # edited
        self.parent.bind("button1-buttonrelease ", self.mouse_up) # edited

        self.draw_fractal()  # Needs to be implemented by subclass

    def info(self):
        '''information about fractal location'''
        return "Location: (%f, %f) to (%f, %f)" %(self.min_x, self.min_y,
                                                  self.max_x, self.max_y)

    def calculate_pixel_size(self):
        '''Calculates the size of a (square) pixel in complex plane
        coordinates based on the canvas_width.'''
        self.pixel_size = 1.*(self.max_x - self.min_x)/self.canvas_width
        return

    def mouse_down(self, event):
        '''records the x and y positions of the mouse when the left button
           is clicked.'''
        self.start_x = self.canvas.canvasx(event.x)
        self.start_y = self.canvas.canvasy(event.y)

    def mouse_motion(self, event):
        '''keep track of the mouse motion by drawing a line from its
           starting point to the current point.'''
        x = self.canvas.canvasx(event.x)
        y = self.canvas.canvasy(event.y)

        if (self.start_x != event.x)  and (self.start_y != event.y) :
            self.canvas.delete(self.translation_line)
            self.translation_line = self.canvas.create_line(
                                self.start_x, self.start_y, x, y, fill="orange")
            self.canvas.update_idletasks()

    def mouse_up(self, event):
        '''Moves the canvas based on the mouse motion'''
        dx = (self.start_x - event.x)*self.pixel_size
        dy = (self.start_y - event.y)*self.pixel_size
        self.min_x += dx
        self.max_x += dx
        # y-coordinate in complex plane run in opposite direction from
        # screen coordinates
        self.min_y -= dy
        self.max_y -= dy
        self.canvas.delete(self.translation_line)
        self.status.config(text="Moving the fractal.  Please wait.")
        self.status.update_idletasks()
        self.status2.config(text=self.info())
        self.status2.update_idletasks()
        self.draw_fractal()

    def normal_zoom(self, event, scale=1):
        '''Sets the zooming in/out scale to its normal value'''
        if scale==1:
            self.zoom_info = "[normal zoom]"
        else:
            self.zoom_info = "[faster zoom]"
        if event is not None:
            self.status.config(text=self.zoom_info)
            self.status.update_idletasks()
        self.zoom_in_scale = 0.1
        self.zoom_out_scale = -0.125

    def bigger_zoom(self, event):
        '''Increases the zooming in/out scale from its normal value'''
        self.normal_zoom(event, scale=3)
        self.zoom_in_scale = 0.3
        self.zoom_out_scale = -0.4

    def zoom_in(self, event):
        '''decreases the size of the region of the complex plane displayed'''
        if self.calculating:
            return
        self.status.config(text="Zooming in.  Please wait.")
        self.status.update_idletasks()
        self.change_scale(self.zoom_in_scale)

    def zoom_out(self, event):
        '''increases the size of the region of the complex plane displayed'''
        if self.calculating:
            return
        self.status.config(text="Zooming out.  Please wait.")
        self.status.update_idletasks()
        self.change_scale(self.zoom_out_scale)

    def change_scale(self, scale):
        '''changes the size of the region of the complex plane displayed and
           redraws'''
        if self.calculating:
            return
        dx = (self.max_x - self.min_x)*scale
        dy = (self.max_y - self.min_y)*scale
        self.min_x += dx
        self.max_x -= dx
        self.min_y += dy
        self.max_y -= dy
        self.calculate_pixel_size()
        self.draw_fractal()

    def set_max_iter(self, event):
        '''set maximum number of iterations'''
        i = tk_dialog.askinteger('title', 'prompt')
        if i is not None:
            self.nb_iterations = i
            self.status.config(text="Redrawing.  Please wait.")
            self.status.update_idletasks()
            self.draw_fractal()

    def draw_fractal(self):
        '''draws a fractal on the canvas'''
        raise NotImplementedError

Credits

Mala Dies

Mala Dies

17 projects • 5 followers
Stay there and someone will find you...
Thanks to André Roberge.

Comments

Add projectSign up / Login